CO2 Total Extract
Botanical name: Sambucus nigra
Common name: Elderflower
Geographical position: 900m above sea level
Part of the plant used: Flower (wild)
Appearance: Dark Brown solid.
Major compounds: Hexanone, hexanol, nonadecane,
Odor: Natural and fresh fragrance
Elderflower (Sambucus nigra) is widely used for therapeutic and purposes that trigger its significant value. 
Numerous studies indicate that the fruit and flowers of Sambucus nigra are highly nutritious and rich in bioactive compounds such as polyphenols and anthocyanins. Thanks to these compounds, elderberry is characterized by high antioxidant activity, which significantly affects its health-promoting properties. 
Sambucus nigra flower has inhibitory activity for most of the 13 nosocomial pathogens (e.g. Staphylococcus sp., Bacillus cereus, Salmonella poona, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa). 
It has been showed also that elderflower increased glucose uptake, glucose oxidation and glycogenesis in mice abdominal muscles without added insulin. 
 Sepideh Miraj: Chemical composition and pharmacological effects of Sambucus nigra. January 2016
 Karolina Młynarczyk, Dorota Walkowiak-Tomczak, and Grzegorz P. Łysiakb: Bioactive properties of Sambucus nigra L. as a functional ingredient for food and pharmaceutical industry. J Funct Foods. 2018 Jan; 40: 377–390. Published online 2017 Dec 22. doi: 10.1016/j.jff.2017.11.025 PMCID: PMC7185606PMID: 32362939
 Caroline Hearst, Graham McCollum, David Nelson, Linda M. Ballard, B. Cherie Millar, Colin E. Goldsmith, Paul J. Rooney3, Anne Loughrey, John E. Moore, and Juluri R. Rao: Antibacterial activity of elder (Sambucus nigra L.) flower or berry against hospital pathogens. Article Number - 615F7BF23276 Vol.4(17), pp. 1805-1809 , September 2010
 Gray AM, Abdel-Wahab YH, Flatt PR. The traditional plant treatment, Sambucus nigra (elder), exhibits insulin-like and insulin-releasing actions in vitro. J Nutr. 2000 Jan;130(1):15-20. doi: 10.1093/jn/130.1.15. PMID: 10613759.
* Please, note that the above statements are summaries of published studies and and investigations as cited at the end of each statement.
These are not results or conclusions drawn for Esencial® Laboratory.
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