CO2 Total Extract
Botanical name: Primulae radix
Common name: Primrose flower
Geographical position:1400m above sea level
Part of the plant used: Aerial part (wild)
Appearance: Dark Brown solid.
Major compounds: Myristic acid, lauric acid, capric acid
Odor: Natural and fresh fragrance
The plant has expectorant, diuretic, antioxidant, antiinflammatory, sedative, anticonvulsant and sweating properties. It is used against cough, bronchitis, whooping cough, pneumonia, neuralgia and tremor. 
Studies have shown that primula root increased production of aiway secretions, making phlegm less thick and easier to expel. 
With catarrh in the respiratory tract (Commission E), productive coughs and chronic bronchitis (ESCOP). An area of use based on clinical data (approval) reads: "for colds with viscous mucus." 
Different parts of Primula have showen a notable antibacterial activity against one or more tested bacteria. 
 UNIVERSITY of IOANNINA SCHOOL of HEALTH SCIENCES FACULTY of MEDICINE Department of Pharmacology, Medicinal Herb, Primula veris.
 European Medicines Afecy. Herbal medicine: summary for the public: Primula root. Primula veris L. and/or Primula elatior (L.) Hill, radix.
 Kooperation Phytopharmaka. Encyclopaedia of medicinal plants: Primrose
 Saima Khan, Hamayun Shaheen, Ansar Mehmood, Sidra Nasar, Tehreem Khan, Ethnobotanical and antibacterial study of Primula plants traditionally used in the indigenous communities of Western Himalaya, Pakistan, Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, Volume 29, Issue 5, 2022, Pages 3244-3254, ISSN 1319-562X.
* Please, note that the above statements are summaries of published studies and and investigations as cited at the end of each statement.
These are not results or conclusions drawn for Esencial® Laboratory.
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