CO2 Total Extract
Botanical name: Crataegus monogyna
Common name: Hawthorn
Geographical position: 1100m above sea level
Part of the plant used: Twig and Flower (wild)
Appearance: Dark Brown solid.
Major compounds: Hexanol, hexenol, butyraldehyde,
Odor: Natural and fresh fragrance
Hawthorn flower extract is used for its properties against tachycardia. Also, it shows “antihypertensive, antispasmodic and diuretic” activity. Hawthorn flower is also a good source of natural antioxidants finding application in medicine, especially for the free-radical protection it provides, food technology and cosmetic formulations.
Crataegus monogyna leaves show antimicrobial properties against 4 bacteria such as Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus, E. coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Also, antioxidative properties were observed due to flavonoids and polyphenols presence. 
Hawthorn flowers and leaves' natural components are used in the production of medication and therapies that support the cardiovascular system as “cardiotonic, anti-hypertonic anti-hypotonic, artherosclerotic, anti-arithmic and anti-anemic” agents. Out of the flavonoids group, it’s primarily Hyperoside that makes Hawthorn flowers and leaves extract a significant ingredient in pharmaceutical preparations. Distinguishing among the different parts of the plant, the extract derived from Hawthorn flowers was tested to have the highest concentration of tocopherols and ascorbic acid (Vitamin C). 
 Konyalioglu, Sibel & Elgin Cebe, Gözde & Aktar Kiremitci, Selin. (2017). P 113. Antioxidant activity of Crataegus Monogyna L flowers. Free Radical Biology and Medicine. 108. 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2017.04.198.
 Belabdelli, Fouzia & Bekhti, Nabila & Piras, Alessandra & Mekhalef Benhafsa, Fouad & Ilham, Mokhtari & Adil, Selka & Anes, Lazzaz. (2021). Chemical composition, antioxidant and antibacterial activity of Crataegus monogyna leaves’ extracts. Natural Product Research. 1-6. 10.1080/14786419.2021.1958215.
 Mihajlović, Dušanka & Novković, Vesna & Banković, Vladimir. (2006). The determination of hyperoside in the flower and leaf of hawthorn (Crataegus oxycantha and Crataegus monogyna) by the spectrophotometric method. Hemijska Industrija. 60. 10.2298/HEMIND0604087M.
 Barros, Lillian & Carvalho, Ana & Ferreira, Isabel. (2011). Comparing the Composition and Bioactivity of Crataegus Monogyna Flowers and Fruits used in Folk Medicine. Phytochemical analysis : PCA. 22. 181-8. 10.1002/pca.1267.
* Please, note that the above statements are summaries of published studies and and investigations as cited at the end of each statement.
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