Sage is used for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders, such as dyspepsia and ulcers, as well as heartburn, and upper respiratory complaints, including sore throat, and inflammations .
Sage also has significant beneficial effects in age-related cognitive disorders .
Studies has shown that it induces calmness and improve memory in Alzheimer’s patients .
The plant leaves are used in the food industry due to their flavor and antioxidant, and antimicrobial properties . The plant is also part of the perfumery and cosmetic industries .
 Sharifi-Rad, M.; Ozcelik, B.; Altın, G.; Da¸skaya-Dikmen, C.; Martorell, M.; Ramírez-Alarcón, K.; Alarcón-Zapata, P.; Morais-Braga, M.F.B.; Carneiro, J.N.P.; Leal, A.L.A.B. Salvia spp. plants-from farm to food applications and phytopharmacotherapy. Trends Food Sci. Technol. 2018, 80, 242–263
 Adams, M.; Gmünder, F.; Hamburger, M. Plants traditionally used in age-related brain disorders—A survey of ethnobotanical literature. J. Ethnopharmacol. 2007, 113, 363–381.
 Perry, E.K.; Pickering, A.T.; Wang, W.W.; Houghton, P.J.; Perry, N.S.L. Medicinal plants and Alzheimer’s disease: From ethnobotany to phytotherapy. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 1999, 51, 527–534
 Eidi, M.; Eidi, A.; Zamanizadeh, H. Effect of Salvia officinalis L. leaves on serum glucose and insulin in healthy and streptozotocininduced diabetic rats. J. Ethnopharmacol. 2005, 100, 310–313
 Khedher, M.R.B.; Khedher, S.B.; Chaieb, I.; Tounsi, S.; Hammami, M. Chemical composition and biological activities of Salvia officinalis essential oil from Tunisia. EXCLI J. 2017, 16, 160.
* Please, note that the above statements are summaries of published studies and and investigations as cited at the end of each statement.
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